What is debt?

Classification and uses of debt or loans

Classification and uses of debt or loans

  • accruals
  • liabilities
  • Debt capital in business administration
  • Liquidity and debt
  • Advantages of debt
  • Disadvantages of debt

If you want to finance something, capital is usually used. This is roughly explained by debt and equity. The equity describes the already existing money, which comes from own resources and nobody has to be repaid. If equity is insufficient for financing, debt capital comes into play. Borrowing thus describes the part of the capital that comes from other investors. These are also called creditors, whereby the borrower automatically assumes the role of the debtor. The resulting debts are often referred to as liabilities or provisions, but mainly in the area of ​​corporate financing. In a company one speaks in combination of equity and debt of the total capital.



All contingent liabilities represent the provisions. This means that certain liabilities are expected or assumed, but their amount and amount have not yet been determined. For example, a company always has to set up tax provisions because it has to pay trade and sales tax at the end of a fiscal year. Also, provisions for losses in the event of a loss or liabilities from the company pension scheme are included in the provisions.



Liabilities are a financial obligation to a creditor, such as suppliers. Also loans, which a company receives from a bank, count under the concept of liabilities. In addition, down payments received also count as a liability if a customer has already paid a certain amount before receiving his goods. Liabilities occur in every business because unpaid invoices count as a liability for the period of non-payment.

Debt capital in business administration

Debt capital in business administration

In many cases, companies do not finance themselves, but always with a certain amount of debt. Of course, the motto is: The less debt in a company, the more independent and secure the company is there. If a company can predominantly finance itself from its own capital reserves, this is considered to be very stable.

Liquidity and debt

Liquidity and debt

Of course, the liquidity of a company has something to do with debt. If a company can settle short-term debts directly from so-called currently available cash, one speaks of a first-degree liquidity. For example, the company is then able to pay off loans and advances, bills or all liabilities directly from its own resources. If this is the case, one speaks of a solvency, ie ability to pay. The opposite of solvency is the insolvency, which describes the insolvency of a company.

Advantages of debt

Advantages of debt

Companies seldom finance 100% of their own resources, even if they could do so. The reason for this is that own capital is more expensive than debt capital. This is due to the fact that the interest generated by the debt can be deducted from the tax. On the other hand, investments out of pocket can not be made tax-deductible. Borrowing is also used for the purpose of keeping “taxes in check”.

Of course, equity does not always have to come from one person or from the founder of the company itself. Another shareholder can join the company and raise equity. Although this is a common form of equity financing, the foreign shareholder usually has to be given codetermination rights. Borrowed capital, on the other hand, does not require any participation rights, which may be an advantage for the company. So if you want to keep the complete control in your company, you use leverage.

Disadvantages of debt

Disadvantages of debt

Borrowing always carries the risk of insolvency. The more debt capital in a company, the greater the risk. After all, foreign capital is always an obligation and a debt. It is therefore important that the company knows its obligations precisely and tries to bring the debt and equity in a balanced relationship. In addition, banks tend to lend to companies with a high equity ratio rather than to companies with already high leverage.

What is a Margin Loan?

 A margin loan or a margin account is a loan from a broker house to a customer that allows the customer to buy shares on credit.

 A margin loan or a margin account is a loan from a broker house to a customer that allows the customer to buy shares on credit.

The term margin itself refers to the difference between the market value of the purchased shares and borrowed amounts from brokerage. Interest on the margin loan is usually calculated on the outstanding balance on a daily basis and is held over margin account. As time goes by, the outstanding debt goes up and interest expenses accumulate. The brokerage also holds securities as collateral for the loan.

A simple example of a margin purchase can be an investor buying shares with a market value of $ 10,000 but only with $ 5,000 of their own money. The other $ 5,000 would be provided by the brokerage as a margin loan.

It sounds simple, but margin loans are not simple.

If you want to trade on margin, the first thing you need to do is open a margin account. By law, this requires an initial investment of at least $ 2,000. But this amount could be more, depending on the brokerage’s own rules to open the account. This created amount is called the smallest margin. When your account is open, you can borrow up to 50% of the price of the securities you want to buy. Understand, you do not need to borrow the full 50%

The amount you borrow can be less than 50%. The 50% payout is called your initial margin. As long as stock prices remain stable or go up and you make your interest payments your life will roll smoothly.

But you need to be aware of what is known as the maintenance margin if stock prices fall. According to the rules of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) anyone who buys shares by margin must maintain a minimum of 25% of the total market value of the securities in the margin account. Some brokerages require an even higher percentage.

Falling stock prices could take your account below the minimum and brokerage fees the house will require you to put more cash or securities to bring your bet to the smallest. The call from brokerage requires these extra funds known as a margin call. Depending on the terms of the marginal loan agreement you originally entered into with brokerage, even though they may have legal right to sell securities out of your account without consulting you, getting back to maintaining the minimum.

Undoubtedly, margin accounts allow an investor to gain control of a large block of stock at a minimal investment. Sophisticated investors will use a margin loan to increase their personal wealth by using the influence of borrowing money.

However, if stock prices go the wrong way, the investor with the margin loan is not only responsible for the borrowed but also maintaining their margin account minimum. Now the lever works the other way and the falling stock prices combined with the unprecedented margin loan can cause an investor significant financial problems.

Consolidating loans for homeowners

Owners, know everything about the loan buyback

The purchase of homeowner credit is sometimes the only solution to end the financial difficulties. Who can benefit ? What is the consolidation of mortgage or real estate credit? What are the advantages ?


Repayment of a home loan may place the first-time homeowner in a difficult debt situation. Job loss, children’s education, divorce, retirement further reduce the debtor’s ability to meet its financial obligations. If to this consumer credits are added, it quickly becomes unmanageable.

Depending on the case, there are two solutions: the consolidation of mortgage credit and the consolidation of mortgage credit.

The consolidation of mortgage

The consolidation of mortgage

The consolidation of real estate credit consists in grouping all the debts into a single loan. Thanks to a longer repayment plan, the debtor obtains a significant reduction in his monthly payment. Moreover, he has only one interlocutor.

This formula is not reserved for over-indebted people. Everyone can benefit as it has many advantages. In addition to solving the problem of over-indebtedness, it makes it possible to simplify daily financial management, invest in new projects and promote savings.

The purchase of mortgage credit

The purchase of homeowner credit does not necessarily result in the mortgage. It all depends on the financial situation of the debtor. Mortgage consolidation or amalgamation involves putting the real estate into mortgage as a money-back guarantee. The amount of the new loan is based on the value of the property. In this case, the use of a notary or a mutual guarantee company is essential.

The benefits are the same as for the consolidation of mortgage. If, in addition, the debtor is enrolled in the , a restructuring plan allows the file to be cleared.

Buying real estate or mortgage loans can be particularly beneficial for certain categories. In addition to their landlord status, civil servants receive an additional guarantee from banking organizations because of the stability of their employment.

What is a demand loan?

The demand loans are loan agreements that give the lender the ability to demand full payment of the balance on the loan at any time after the loan is executed.

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Unlike a installment loan, the demand loan format does not contain a specific maturity and may not include a specific schedule for payments to the pension debt. Sometimes referred to as a call loan, a demand loan is usually employed when the lender and borrower have a long standing and positive business relationship, and that the lender trusts that the borrower will pay off the loan within a reasonable time.

A loan on demand is often an advantage to the borrower, as the repayment schedule is very open. This can be especially important if the purpose of the loan was to finance a new venture that could take some time to become profitable. The borrower can make symbolic payments from time to time as the project begins to gain momentum, gradually increasing the volume and frequency of the payments that the generated revenue increases.

For the lender, a loan on demand situation can also be quite lucrative. As with most types of loans, a loan on demand structure includes the use on a regular basis. For the duration of the loan, the lender continues to earn interest on the outstanding balance.

Because a demand for loans can be called for discretionary lender, it is also possible to take measures that will minimize potential losses. If the lender determines that the borrower is engaged in activities that are short of time due to a downturn due to financial or other changes, it may be possible to call the loan and get the balance before the downward spiral begins. Similarly, if the lender hears that the borrower has begun to default on other financial obligations, the lender may choose to call the loan before the borrower can seek bankruptcy protection from the remaining creditors.

While a loan to be repaid on demand does not work for any situation, many companies have established strong cooperative relationships with banks and other financial partners and make use of an on-demand loan on a regular basis. Generally, if the remainder of the loan is repaid within a relatively short period, the lender is more than happy to embark on another loan on demand agreement with the borrower.

How to check my loan application status

At the time of the tightening, an online personal loan can be the salvation. Accumulated many debts and can not pay? Is the credit card rotary turning a snowball? Or maybe you want to take that little break and travel a little? The loan money can serve that – and more!

Here at , the loan application process is quite simple. You make a simulation of the amount you need, the number of installments you want to pay and you already see what their monthly value will be. You make the request informing some data, such as bank account, CPF and address and waiting for our return.

But then, how do you know the status of the loan application? That’s what we’ll talk about today! Keep reading and find out what happens after you place your order!

Analysis process

The first step after clicking the “request my loan” button is the analysis of your request, which can be approved or not. It is worth remembering that to apply for your loan online you must be over 18 years old, have an account at a bank, be with the active CPF and inform your contact information.

The analysis of your financial profile is done automatically by our system that considers your credit score. For those who do not know, the score is a score that each CPF has before the Brazilian financial system.

This score can range from 0 to 1000 and represents how good the payer you are. That is, the higher your score, the more chances you will have to pass. To calculate your score, several factors are taken into account, such as number of debts incurred (and cleared, of course), payment of bills on time, if you use your credit card a lot, among others.

It is also important that you provide as much information as possible when applying for your loan – no doubt this will also make a difference in your assessment.

Checking the status of my request

Checking the status of my request

Now that you know how the process of analyzing your financial profile is, it’s time to know the status of the loan application . Usually, soon after completing the form, you receive a response in a matter of minutes.

This response may be “declined,” “approved,” or “verified.” It will also arrive in your informed email if you have already closed ‘s website. If you did not receive the email (remember to check your spam box), you have two options to view the status of the loan request:

  • Log in to the personal area of ​​’s site (you can access by clicking here), log in with your data and check the status of the loan request;
  • Call our toll-free service at 0800-025-8976 or 4020-1745 or send an email to Mr @ client. Dick and ask one of our attendants the status of your request.

For those who have the request approved, the amount requested falls within a matter of hours in the account informed, which must be owned by the applicant for the loan.

Now, if your request is refused, it is not the end of the world! You can follow some of the tips we’ve separated to try to improve your credit score and your financial profile, and then try to make a new request.

In the case of those who receive the response “in check”, just wait to receive a contact from one of our attendants to confirm some data that may have remained pending and receive the final response.

Applying for a loan with is easy, practical and, what’s best, can be done without leaving home, by the computer or even by your smartphone. Download our app available for Android and simulate your loan right now! You will also be able to see the status of the loan application for it.

What is a Balloon Loan?

A balloon loan is a form of short-term mortgage. The balloon loan is often compared to fixed-rate mortgages, which it shares some of its features. For example, a balloon loan borrower offers a level payment amount over the term of the loan. However, unlike fixed-rate loans, balloon mortgages do not need to write off in the original term. Instead, this type of loan can have one of many maturity types.

When most borrowers take on mortgage loans they get loans will be fully repaid over a specified period of time. This time is called the term of the loan. Balloon loans have set loan terms, just like any other type of mortgage loan. However, the monthly payments the borrower makes are not sufficient to repay the loan. As such, the borrower ends up due to a fixed amount consisting of the remaining principle at the end of the loan term.

Often, mortgage borrowers take on loans that last for 10, 15, 20 or even 30 years. When the borrower makes his final monthly installment, he or she is usually cleared of mortgage debt.

Balloon loans often range for about five to seven years, although the term lengths vary, and the remainder of the mortgage matures at the end of the term.

Balloon loans often range for about five to seven years, although the term lengths vary, and the remainder of the mortgage matures at the end of the term.

The debt is not approved with a final installment payment. In the mortgage world, the end of the term of the loan is called maturity. Some people see the balloon loan as a bad choice because the borrower must be disciplined enough to plan for a large amount on expiration.

Though the disadvantage of having to come up with a large sum of money at the end of a rather short loan term is obvious that there are benefits to securing a balloon loan. One major advantage is that balloon loans often make interest payments, allowing the borrower to hold on to more cash over the term of the loan. The borrower can use cash as she sees fit, perhaps even investing it in the hope of earning more than what is required to repay the loan.

A balloon loan is not always forever. Often these loans give the borrower a conditional right to refinance for a new loan. This can save some borrowers who anticipate having difficulty getting up with a lump sum. However, these borrowers may end up paying more over the length of the refinanced loan. This depends on a number of factors, including the interest rate on both loans and any penalties.

What is loan amortization?

Amortization of loans is simply the process of a borrower repaying borrowed money in installments, thus reducing the outstanding loan amount or principal business. This is in contrast to a loan where the borrower pays the full amount in one payment. The main effect of the loan The depreciation base reduces the risk for the lender, both in terms of the risk of repayment and the effects of interest.

An amortizing loan is one in which the borrower receives regular repayments. Usually, these installments cover both a chunk of the loan amount or principal, plus an interest payment. Although the overall repayment amount is set, the interest repayment cannot be. For example, a personal bank loan usually has a fixed interest rate, meaning the amount paid out in the interest of interest each month is the same throughout the loan period. With a mortgage, the interest rate is usually variable, which means that repayment amounts can change significantly. It is also possible to have a fixed interest rate, but different interest payment amounts. For example, in loans where each interest payment is based on the current outstanding debt, not the entire loan amount, the interest payments will decrease over time.

The biggest advantage of amortization of loans to a lender is reduced credit risk.

The biggest advantage of amortization of loans to a lender is reduced credit risk.

It is simply because if a borrower does not default, the lender will already have all the money that has been repaid. This is a contrast to an all or nothing situation if there is a single refund. The fact that the residual debt falls during the loan term also means a lender in a fixed rate loan faces a constantly falling exposure to interest rate risk. This means that there is less risk that she will lose if interest rates rise and thus is not getting the best possible return from borrowing money.

The purest form of loan depreciation is where installments are split equally over the loan period. This does not have to be the case, though. In some cases. The actual payment amount changes from month to month In other cases, such as many mortgages the amount paid is the same, but the proportions of the payment are going to repay balance and pay interest change. Generally, the rate of interest rates will be higher at the beginning of the loan.

The contrast to loan amortization is usually referred to as a standing loan. This is the full principal repaid at the end of the loan period. The most common example of this is an interest-only mortgage.

Definition and principle of payday loan consolidation

payday loan consolidation is a solution that cleanly cleans up your financial situation. As its name indicates, it is a question of regrouping your loans so as to have no more to honor only one and only debt. Who is the grouping of loan for, what can you group together and what steps should you take? All the answers in our article.

payday loan consolidation and loan redemption, which report?

The term loan aggregation is sometimes used to refer to a repurchase of loan . However, we must make a distinction. A repurchase of loan is an isolated operation that consists of renegotiating the terms of a loan. In a grouping, a set of loans will be renegotiated. You benefit from a rate cut for all your current loans. Incidentally, you can also benefit from additional time to repay the new loan.

What are the consequences of a payday loan consolidation?

The payday loan consolidation has the effect of significantly reducing your debt ratio. Indeed, with 3 or 4 loans, the budget devoted to the repayment is quite consistent whereas with a single loan, you will have more than a global monthly payment. The grouping will significantly reduce your expenses related to the repayment of your debts. For example, you spend € 400 on monthly payments for only € 250.

Who is the loan pooling for?

The payday loan consolidation is for those who accumulate two or more loans, the idea being to group them in a single loan agreement. It is especially the poorly indebted people who are the first targets, that is to say those whose debt ratio is close to the tolerable threshold. Remember that the legal threshold is set at 33%, one third of your income. This threshold reached or exceeded, you are considered over-indebted.

However, do not wait to reach the threshold to decide on a grouping. Your debt ratio also conditions the decision of loan institutions to grant you a payday loan consolidation. Grouping is mainly a way to avoid over-indebtedness, not to solve it.

What loans can you group?

You can group all your loans, real estate loan as consumer loan. It is the proportion of the type of loan that defines the type of grouping. When the amount of real estate outstanding is greater than 60%, it is called consolidation of real estate loan. Otherwise, it is a consolidation of consumer loan.

Thanks to a group of loan, your debt ratio can allow you to consider new projects, real estate acquisition, vehicle purchase. It is quite possible to include this new project in the loan pool to enjoy the same conditions.

How to achieve a payday loan consolidation?

payday loan consolidation is a complex operation and not all banks accept it. It is sometimes useful to use an intermediary, a broker to buy loan to find you the best offers and to advise you on the steps to take with the institutions concerned.